Ayurveda says that the human body is made up of three doshas (life forces). They govern how it interacts with the environment around. Each dosha controls a different body function. Ayurveda defines a being to be in good health when all these three doshas are in balance and prevalent in more or less equal, comparative parts.

Overall well-being is a consequence of regularly maintaining a balance between these doshas, in relation to the environment around. Any imbalance manifests into what we today call disease. These imbalances are a result of incorrect lifestyle, particularly stemming from the choice of food, sleep and physical activity carried out by the individual. These three factors are also known as the Three Pillars of Wellness in Ayurveda.